**QUESTION 1**

**1/1 POINTS**

A statistics professor recently graded final exams for students in her introductory statistics course. In a review of her grading, she found the mean score out of 100 points was a x¯=77, with a margin of error of 10.

Construct a confidence interval for the mean score (out of 100 points) on the final exam.

A confidence interval is an interval of values, centered on a point estimate, of the form

(pointestimate−marginof error,pointestimate+marginof error)

Using the given point estimate for the mean, x¯=77 and margin of error 10, the confidence interval is:

(77−10,77+10)(67,87)

**QUESTION 2**

**1/1 POINTS**

A random sample of adults were asked whether they prefer reading an e-book over a printed book. The survey resulted in a sample proportion of p′=0.14, with a sampling standard deviation of σp′=0.02, who preferred reading an e-book.

Use the empirical rule to construct a 95% confidence interval for the true proportion of adults who prefer e-books.

By the Empirical Rule, a 95% confidence interval corresponds to a z-score of z=2. Substituting the given values p′=0.14 and σp′=0.02, a confidence interval is

(p′−z⋅σp′,p′+z⋅σp′)(0.14−2⋅0.02,0.14+2⋅0.02)(0.14−0.04,0.14+0.04)(0.10,0.18)

**QUESTION 3**

**1/1 POINTS**

The pages per book in a library are normally distributed with an unknown population mean. A random sample of books is taken and results in a 95% confidence interval of (237,293) pages.

What is the correct interpretation of the 95% confidence interval?

**QUESTION 4**

**1/1 POINTS**

The population standard deviation for the heights of dogs, in inches, in a city is 3.7 inches. If we want to be 95% confident that the sample mean is within 2 inches of the true population mean, what is the minimum sample size that can be taken?

z0.101.282z0.051.645z0.0251.960z0.012.326z0.0052.576

Use the table above for the z-score, and be sure to round up to the nearest integer.

**T**

**QUESTION 5**

**1/1 POINTS**

Clarence wants to estimate the percentage of students who live more than three miles from the school. He wants to create a 98% confidence interval which has an error bound of at most 4%. How many students should be polled to create the confidence interval?

z0.10 | z0.05 | z0.025 | z0.01 | z0.005 |

1.282 | 1.645 | 1.960 | 2.326 | 2.576 |

Use the table of values above.

Given the information in the question, EBP=0.04 since 4%=0.04 and zα2=z0.01=2.326 because the confidence level is 98%. The values of p′ and q′ are unknown, but using a value of 0.5 for p′ will result in the largest possible product of p′q′, and thus the largest possible n. If p′=0.5, then q′=1−0.5=0.5. Therefore,

n=z2p′q′EBP2=2.3262(0.5)(0.5)0.042=845.4

Round the answer up to the next integer to be sure the sample size is large enough. The sample should include 846 students.

**QUESTION 6**

**1/1 POINTS**

The average score of a random sample of 87 senior business majors at a university who took a certain standardized test follows a normal distribution with a standard deviation of 28. Use Excel to determine a 90% confidence interval for the mean of the population. Round your answers to two decimal places and use ascending order.

**Score**

516

536

462

461

519

496

517

488

521

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**T**

Content attribution- Opens a dialog

**QUESTION 7**

**1/1 POINTS**

A random sample of 28 statistics tutorials was selected from the past 5 years and the percentage of students absent from each one recorded. The results are given below. Assume the percentages of students’ absences are approximately normally distributed. Use Excel to estimate the mean percentage of absences per tutorial over the past 5 years with 90% confidence. Round your answers to two decimal places and use increasing order.

**Number of Absences**

13.9

16.4

12.3

13.2

8.4

4.4

10.3

8.8

4.8

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**QUESTION 8**

**1/1 POINTS**

Eric is studying people’s typing habits. He surveyed 525 people and asked whether they leave one space or two spaces after a period when typing. 440 people responded that they leave one space. Create a 90% confidence interval for the proportion of people who leave one space after a period.

- Round your results to four decimal places.

**QUESTION 9**

**1/1 POINTS**

A sample of 27 employees for the Department of Health and Human Services has the following salaries, in thousands of dollars. Assuming normality, use Excel to find the 98% confidence interval for the true mean salary, in thousands of dollars. Round your answers to two decimal places and use increasing order.

**Salary**

71

70

69

65

72

69

72

72

71

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**QUESTION 10**

**1/1 POINTS**

The population standard deviation for the heights of dogs, in inches, in a city is 3.7 inches. If we want to be 95% confident that the sample mean is within 1 inch of the true population mean, what is the minimum sample size that can be taken?

z0.101.282z0.051.645z0.0251.960z0.012.326z0.0052.576

Use the table above for the z-score, and be sure to round up to the nearest integer.

**QUESTION 11**

**1/1 POINTS**

A random sample of house sizes in major city has a sample mean of x¯=1204.9 sq ft and sample standard deviation of s=124.6 sq ft. Use the Empirical Rule to determine the approximate percentage of house sizes that lie between 955.7 and 1454.1 sq ft.

Round your answer to the nearest whole number (percent).

**QUESTION 12**

**1/1 POINTS**

The graph below shows the graphs of several normal distributions, labeled A, B, and C, on the same axis. Determine which normal distribution has the smallest standard deviation.

A figure consists of three curves along a horizontal axis, labeled Upper A, Upper B and Upper C. Curve Upper A is short and the most spread out, curve Upper B is tall and the least spread out, and curve C is farther to the left than A.

**T**The distribution that is the tallest and least spread out is B, so that has the smallest standard deviation.

**QUESTION 13**

**1/1 POINTS**

The resistance of a strain gauge is normally distributed with a mean of 100 ohms and a standard deviation of 0.3 ohms. To meet the specification, the resistance must be within the range 100±0.7 ohms. What proportion of gauges is acceptable?

- Round your answer to four decimal places.

**QUESTION 14**

**1/1 POINTS**

A baker knows that the daily demand for strawberry pies is a random variable that follows the normal distribution with a mean of 31.8 pies and a standard deviation of 4.5 pies. Find the demand that has an 8% probability of being exceeded.

- Use Excel, and round your answer to two decimal places.

**QUESTION 15**

**1/1 POINTS**

A group of friends has gotten very competitive with their board game nights. They have found that overall, they each have won an average of 18 games, with a population standard deviation of 6 games. If a sample of only 2 friends is selected at random from the group, select the expected mean and the standard deviation of the sampling distribution from the options below. Remember to round to the nearest whole number.

**T**

σx¯=4 games

μx¯=18 games

μx¯=3 games

μx¯=9 games

**QUESTION 16**

**1/1 POINTS**

An elementary school has a population of 635 students, 600 of whom have received the chicken pox vaccine. The school nurse wants to make sure that the school meets all state requirements for vaccinations at public schools.

Find the population proportion, as well as the mean and standard deviation of the sampling distribution for samples of size n=120.

Round all answers to 3 decimal places.

**QUESTION 17**

**1/1 POINTS**

The lengths of text messages are normally distributed with an unknown population mean. A random sample of text messages is taken and results in a 95% confidence interval of (23,47) characters.

What is the correct interpretation of the 95% confidence interval?

**QUESTION 18**

**1/1 POINTS**

Given the plot of normal distributions A and B below, which of the following statements is true? Select all correct answers.

A normal bell curve labeled Upper A and a normal elongated curve labeled Upper B are centered at the same point. Normal curve Upper B is narrower and above normal curve Upper A.

**QUESTION 19**

**1/1 POINTS**

A tour guide company is trying to decide if it is going to increase the cost of its tours to cover its sunk costs. They find that the average sunk cost per tour is $58, with a standard deviation of $18. If they take a random sample of 36 tours, identify each of the following to help them make their decision and round to the nearest hundredth if necessary:

**QUESTION 20**

**1/1 POINTS**

From a recent company survey, it is known that the proportion of employees older than 55 and considering retirement is 8%. For a random sample of size 110, what is standard deviation for the sampling distribution of the sample proportions, rounded to three decimal places?

**T**

**QUESTION 21**

**1/1 POINTS**

In order to estimate the average electricity usage per month, a sample of 125 residential customers were selected, and the monthly electricity usage was determined using the customers’ meter readings. Assume a population variance of 12,100kWh2. Use Excel to find the 98% confidence interval for the mean electricity usage in kilowatt hours. Round your answers to two decimal places and use ascending order.

**Electric Usage**

765

1139

714

687

1027

1109

749

799

911

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**That is correct!**

(894.43, 940.21)

**A**

**QUESTION 22**

**1/1 POINTS**

Hugo averages 59 words per minute on a typing test with a standard deviation of 15 words per minute. Suppose Hugo’s words per minute on a typing test are normally distributed. Let X= the number of words per minute on a typing test. Then, X∼N(59,15).

Suppose Hugo types 57 words per minute in a typing test on Wednesday. The z-score when x=57 is ________. This z-score tells you that x=57 is ________ standard deviations to the ________ (right/left) of the mean, ________.

C

**QUESTION 23**

**1/1 POINTS**

Hugo averages 46 words per minute on a typing test with a standard deviation of 11 words per minute. Suppose Hugo’s words per minute on a typing test are normally distributed. Let X= the number of words per minute on a typing test. Then, X∼N(46,11).

Suppose Hugo types 45 words per minute in a typing test on Wednesday. The z-score when x=45 is ________. This z-score tells you that x=45 is ________ standard deviations to the ________ (right/left) of the mean, ________.

Correctly fill in the blanks in the statement above.

**QUESTION 24**

**1/1 POINTS**

Lisa has collected data to find that the number of pages per book on a book shelf has a normal distribution. What is the probability that a randomly selected book has fewer than 140 pages if the mean is 194 pages and the standard deviation is 27 pages? Use the empirical rule.Enter your answer as a percent rounded to two decimal places if necessary.

**QUESTION 25**

**1/1 POINTS**

Lisa has collected data to find that the number of pages per book on a book shelf has a normal distribution. What is the probability that a randomly selected book has fewer than 140 pages if the mean is 190 pages and the standard deviation is 25 pages? Use the empirical rule.Enter your answer as a percent rounded to two decimal places if necessary.

**Solution: **

**QUESTION 1**

**1/1 POINTS**

A statistics professor recently graded final exams for students in her introductory statistics course. In a review of her grading, she found the mean score out of 100 points was a x¯=77, with a margin of error of 10.

Construct a confidence interval for the mean score (out of 100 points) on the final exam.

**That is correct!**

(67, 87)

**Answer Explanation**

**Correct answers:**

- 67, 87)

A confidence interval is an interval of values, centered on a point estimate, of the form

(pointestimate−marginof error,pointestimate+marginof error)

Using the given point estimate for the mean, x¯=77 and margin of error 10, the confidence interval is:

(77−10,77+10)(67,87)

**QUESTION 2**

**1/1 POINTS**

A random sample of adults were asked whether they prefer reading an e-book over a printed book. The survey resulted in a sample proportion of p′=0.14, with a sampling standard deviation of σp′=0.02, who preferred reading an e-book.

Use the empirical rule to construct a 95% confidence interval for the true proportion of adults who prefer e-books.

**That is correct!**

(0.10, 0.18)

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