Leininger and Watson
Write a 1500-1750 word APA paper addressing each of the following points. Be sure to completely answer all the questions for each bullet point. Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper. Support your ideas with at least two (2) sources and the textbook using citations in your essay. Make sure to cite using the APA writing style for the essay. The cover page and reference page in correct APA do not count towards the minimum word amount. Review the rubric criteria for this assignment.
Case study #1
Mrs. Franklin-Jones was admitted from the Emergency Room to Cardiac Intensive Care one week ago with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. She has recovered as expected and is moving to the cardiac step down unit today. She is talking with Nurse Julie Hernandez, as she gets settled in her new room, “I was really surprised when I got that bad pain in my chest! I knew I had high pressure but I just didn’t think it was that bad. I try to take my medicine like they told me to in the clinic but sometimes I forget. I guess that I need to study those papers they gave me about what foods I should eat and not eat. I better take care of myself! Momma had bad pressure and it killed her! Who knows—I may even have to learn to cook different than I was taught in Jamaica! I may have to let Tomas do the cooking. He’s got more time at home now than I do since he lost his job. There isn’t too much time between my shifts at the school cafeteria and my new housecleaning job. You know my sister is coming up from Jamaica to see me. I think she is bringing me some bush tea. That’ll set me right!”
- Using Leininger’s Culture Care Model, what factors in the story shared by Mrs. Franklin-Jones should be considered by Nurse Hernandez when planning for the patient’s discharge?
- Why is the theory of Culture Care Diversity important in the delivery of nursing care for all patients?
- Using Leininger’s Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality, develop a plan of care for Mrs. Franklin-Jones.
- Discuss the strengths and limits to Leininger’s Theory.
Case Study #2
Claude Jean-Baptiste is recovering from post-hip replacement surgery and has been transferred to the Rehabilitation Institute adjacent to the hospital. When he enters the unit, he sees welcoming signs written in several languages including his own, Creole. Since there are no nurses on that shift that speak Creole, they use a language line to ask for translation services. During this initial nursing assessment, the translator informs Mr. Jean-Baptiste that the nurses invite him to have a relative at his side so that they can be sure to understand and meet his needs. He is asked about Haitian customs and beliefs that they might honor. Mr. Jean-Baptiste is encouraged to bring food and spiritual care items, and to share the warmth of his culture with the nursing staff.
- Discuss assumptions of the Transpersonal Caring relationship. What is the nurse’s role?
- How is love, as defined by Watson, evident in this caring moment?
- How can the nurse creatively use self to create a healing environment?
- Discuss the strengths and limits to Watson’s Theory.
Leininger and Watson
The predicted medical conditions are not covered by Madeleine Leininger’s and Martha Watson’s cultural variety and caring human models. Some have even argued that the theory’s flaw is that it ignores the medical diagnosis and treatment of the patient. The two examples used in this study will demonstrate the advantages of these ideas. They will demonstrate how a patient’s treatment may be improved by paying attention to cultural differences and showing compassion while following a medical treatment plan and diagnosis. These beliefs enhance conventional treatment programs, and patients are better satisfied with the care they get and more likely to stick with the program since it considers their cultural customs. As a result, these holistic models place the patient at the heart of the treatment process
Factors in Consideration
To provide the best possible care to a patient, nurses must adhere to Leininger’s three nursing activities for cultural care. Patients from other sections of the nation or the globe may have a distinct set of values and cultural traditions that impact how they see the medical team and the suggestions for healing and health that they make. Nursing care might be hampered if tensions or disagreements over the patient’s beliefs or therapeutic practices (Gonzalo, 2019).
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