Correct Answers: NR542 Week 8: Final Exam

Question 1

20 / 20 pts

(CO 3) It is extremely important that we are ethically responsible for the intimate patient content that we input into healthcare databases. When we search these databases, they can provide us with which of the following?

Data only

Data and information


Data, information, and knowledge

Data, information, knowledge, and wisdom

See the Week 1 Lesson.
Data transformation is, in essence, the creation of information from raw data.

Knowledge development refers to generating knowledge through the use of information management and research.

See the Week 3 Lesson.
A core concept for data is the idea of atomic-level data. Although we know that the atom is not the smallest structural unit, the term atomic gives the idea of the smallest unit. Atomic-level data are the foundations for the transformation process identified earlier in your informatics studies. Atomic-level data are data that cannot be further subdivided. They are the most granular facts available. Atomic-level data are captured at the source of the data (the individual, significant others; the monitoring devices; and so on). Because they are very granular, atomic-level data can easily be included in information systems. These data are also amenable to data manipulation (for example, statistical analysis, graphics, and tables) and data transformation.

See the Week 5 Lesson.
Data warehouses can analyze data from different databases and do so in interesting ways. They are designed to optimize the functioning of query and reporting tools. They help managers and decision makers find information quickly and easily.

See the Week 7 Lesson.
Knowledge is generated when information is combined with context and experience. Experience combines with knowledge to produce mental models for addressing a task or problem.

See the Week 8 Lesson.
Wisdom is an individual’s use of values to judge the differences between decision alternatives (Kelly, 2011). Wisdom also involves judging what knowledge and experience to apply to each situation. McGonigle and Mastrian (2009) identify several characteristics of wisdom. These include

•         knowledge application;
•         situational appropriateness;
•         common sense heightened by knowledge and experience;
•         prudence and sensibility; and
•         individualized synthesis of knowledge, understanding, insight, and experience.

There is wisdom from using digital technology to access information and knowledge in ways and scopes beyond our personal abilities. Then, there is wisdom in our use of digital technology to enhance those abilities. Such enhancements can come from digital tools that directly extend the brain’s cognition.

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