(Answered) NR501 Week 8: Nursing Theory Quiz

Question 1

/ 5 pts

A statement of beliefs and values about human beings and their world is:

 

An assumption

 

 

A concept

 

 

A hypothesis

 

 

A philosophy

 

Definition of the term philosophy from McEwen & Wills textbook (5th ed) pg 28.

 

Question 2

/ 5 pts

A set of logically interrelated concepts, statements, propositions, and definitions supported by data, testing, and verification to account for or characterize some phenomena is called:

 

An assumption

 

 

A construct

 

 

A model

 

 

A theory

 

Definition of the term theory from McEwen & Wills textbook (5th ed) pg. 28

 

Question 3

/ 5 pts

__________ is a theory that has been developed by another discipline (not nursing) but may be adapted to use in nursing and other fields

 

Borrowed theory

 

 

Grand theory

 

 

Middle range theory

 

 

No answer text provided.

 

Definition of a borrowed theory from McEwen & Wills text books (5th ed) pg. 27A Borrowed theory is a theory developed in another discipline but applied to the practice of nursing.

 

Question 4

/ 5 pts

The most abstract and general component of the structural hierarchy of nursing knowledge is called:

 

A construct

 

 

A metaparadigm

 

 

A model

 

 

No answer text provided.

 

Definition of metaparadigm from the McEwen & Wills 5th ed pg. 27

 

Question 5

/ 5 pts

A theory that has been developed by a nurse to account for a phenomenon or concern related to nursing is:

 

A conceptual model

 

 

A hypothesis

 

 

A nursing theory

 

 

A worldview

 

McEwan & Wills pg. 40

 

Question 6

/ 5 pts

The nursing paradigm identifies four concepts of interest to the nursing profession. These four concepts are:

 

Concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions

 

 

The person, health, environment/situation, and nursing

 

 

The individual, groups, situations, and interests specific to nursing

 

 

Description, explanation, prediction, and prescription of an interrelationship of nursing

 

McEwen & Wills (5th ed) pgs. 41-44

 

Question 7

/ 5 pts

A group of theories that are broad in scope, complex, and provide broad and abstract views about nursing are called:

 

A grand theory

 

 

A metatheory

 

 

A middle range theory

 

 

No answer text provided.

 

McEwen & Wills 5th ed pg. 37 & chap. 6

 

Question 8

/ 5 pts

A group of theories that are more limited in scope, less abstract, reflect practice, and addresses a specific phenomenon are called:

 

A grand theory

 

 

A metatheory

 

 

A middle range theory

 

 

No answer text provided.

 

McEwen & Wills (5th ed) pgs. 37-38 & Chap. 10

 

Question 9

/ 5 pts

A central construct in nursing would be:

 

Caring

 

 

Environment

 

 

Health

 

 

Person

 

 

Question 10

/ 5 pts

What do the following theories written by Watson, Swanson, Duffy, Boykin & Schoenhofer, and Hall have in common?

 

They focus on adaptation

 

 

They focus on care and caring

 

 

They focus on comfort of the person/client

 

 

They focus on cultural care diversity and universality

 

 

Question 11

/ 5 pts

An example of a nursing theory would be:

 

Benner’s Novice to Expert theory

 

 

Erikson’s developmental theory

 

 

Lewin’s change theory

 

 

Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory

 

 

Question 12

/ 5 pts

True or False: Concepts are words or phrases that refer to or describe a phenomenon.

 

True

 

 

False

 

Concepts are terms that refer to or describe phenomena that occur in nature or thought.

 

Question 13

/ 5 pts

Nursing theory influences nursing practice by:

 

Specifying actions or interventions to be provided

 

 

Identifying which professional nurse should provide care

 

 

Allowing for variation in provision of care

 

 

Enabling professional nursing to practice in isolation of the healthcare team

 

 

Question 14

/ 5 pts

Which type of nursing practice theory would a nurse be more likely to choose to manage specific situations or issues in the practice setting?

 

Mercer’s Maternal Role Attainment theory

 

 

Ruland & Morre’s Peaceful End of Life theory

 

 

Lorig’s Chronic Disease Self-Management theory

 

 

All of the above

 

 

None of the above

 

McEwen & Wills (5th ed) pg. 38

 

Question 15

/ 5 pts

The nurse is caring for a client who is struggling with increased intracranial pressure. The nurse makes sure the client has water to drink, has voided recently, and the room is quiet and dark. Which theory is demonstrated here?

 

Orem’s self-care deficit theory

 

 

Henderson’s need theory

 

 

Kolcaba’s comfort theory

 

 

Fawcett’s environmental theory

 

 

Question 16

/ 5 pts

Match the nursing theorist to their nursing theory.

Self-care defecit

 

Dorothea Orem

Focus on interpersonal relationships

 

Hildegarde Peplau

Focus on goal attainment

 

Imogine King

Focus on humanistic science of nursing

 

Martha Rogers

General Systems Theory

 

Betty Neuman

 

Partial Question 17

1.67 / 5 pts

A nursing student in a graduate research course is exploring the reasons for using theory in nursing practice? Which statement represents the best answer(s) to this questions? Select all that apply.

 

Improving client outcomes

 

 

Renewing and updating practice

 

 

Enhancing quality of health care

 

 

Advancing the image of nursing in society

 

 

Giving direction to nurses to determine the effectiveness of interventions

 

The goal of nursing theory is to improve practice and to enhance client outcomes and healthcare. It is not a stated goal to improve the view of nursing in society through research, although this may be a positive result. Theory-guided research is necessary for evaluating nursing interventions in practice. Using theories in nursing practice do not determine whether the interventions are effective or not.

 

Question 18

/ 5 pts

A nurse is working with a client who has gained weight and experienced increased blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels in response to caring for his wife who has Alzheimer disease. The effect of the spouse’s illness on the client is most related to which central concept of nursing?

 

nursing

 

 

person

 

 

health

 

 

environment

 

Environment typically refers to the external elements that affect the person; internal and external conditions that influence the organism; significant others with whom the person interacts; and an open system with boundaries that permit the exchange of matter, energy, and information with human beings. Person refers to a being composed of physical, intellectual, biochemical, and psychosocial needs; a human energy field; a holistic being in the world; an open system; an integrated whole; an adaptive system; and a being who is greater than the sum of his parts. Health is the ability to function independently; successful adaptation to life’s stressors; achievement of one’s full life potential; and unity of mind, body, and soul. Nursing is a science, an art, and a practice discipline and involves caring.

 

Question 19

/ 5 pts

Match the theorist and the theory

Model of skill acquisition (Novice to Expert)

 

Benner

Synergy model for patient care

 

AACN

Theory of self-care and chronic illness

 

Regiel, Jaarsma, & Stromberg

Postpartum depression theory

 

Beck

Theory of caregiver stress

 

Tsai

 

Question 20

/ 5 pts

Which assertion best describes the current state of evidence-based practice (EBP) in nursing?

 

EBP in nursing has been fully realized and implemented.

 

 

EBP in nursing has been rejected in favor of other approaches.

 

 

EBP in nursing is waning in emphasis and was never fully implemented.

 

 

EBP in nursing is growing in emphasis, but its implementation is lagging behind.

 

Implementation of EBP in nursing is still evolving, as often nursing interventions are based on experience, tradition, intuition, common sense, and untested theories. Although emphasis on EBP is growing rapidly, the actual incorporation of nursing research findings in practice has lagged.

Solution:

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