(Answered) NR507 Week 6: Discussion


Content Criteria:

  1. Read the case study listed below.
  2. Refer to the rubric for grading requirements.
  3. Utilizing the Week 6 Case Study Template (Links to an external site.), provide your responses to the case study questions listed below.
  4. You must use at least one scholarly reference to provide pathophysiology statements. For this class, use of the textbook for pathophysiology statements is acceptable. You may also use an appropriate evidence-based journal.
  5. You must use the current Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes -Abridged for Primary Care Providers provided by the American Diabetes Association to determine the patient’s type of diabetes and answer the treatment recommendation questions. The most current guideline can be found at the following web address: https://professional.diabetes.org/content-page/practice-guidelines-resources (Links to an external site.). At the website, locate the current year’s CPG for use.
  6. Proper APA format (in-text citations, reference page, spelling, English language, and grammar) must be used.

Case Study Scenario

Chief Complaint

J.T. is a 48-year old male who presents to the primary care clinic with fatigue, weight loss, and extreme thirst and increased appetite.

History of Present Illness

J.T. has been in his usual state of health until three weeks ago when he began experiencing symptoms of fatigue, weight loss, and extreme thirst. He reports that he would like to begin a walking program, but he feels too fatigued to walk at any point during the day. Now he is very concerned about gaining more weight since he is eating more. He reports insomnia due to having to get up and urinate greater than 4 times per night.

Past Medical History 

  • Hypertension
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Obesity

Family History

  • Both parents deceased
  • Brother: Type 2 diabetes

Social History

  • Denies smoking
  • Denies alcohol or recreational drug use
  • Landscaper


  • No Known Drug Allergies


  • Lisinopril 20 mg once daily by mouth
  • Atorvastatin 20 mg once daily by mouth
  • Aspirin 81 mg once daily by mouth
  • Multivitamin once daily by mouth

Review of Systems

  • Constitutional: – fever, – chills, – weight loss.
  • Neurological: denies dizziness or disorientation
  • HEENT: Denies nasal congestion, rhinorrhea or sore throat.
  • Chest: + Tachypnea. Denies cough.
  • Heart: Denies chest pain, chest pressure or palpitations.
  • Lymph: Denies lymph node swelling.

General Physical Exam  

  • Constitutional: Alert and oriented male in no acute distress
  • Vital Signs: BP-136/80, T-98.6 F, P-78, RR-20
  • Wt. 240 lbs., Ht. 5’8″, BMI 36.5


  • Eyes: Pupils equal, round and reactive to light and accommodation, normal conjunctiva.
  • Ears: Tympanic membranes intact.
  • Nose: Bilateral nasal turbinates without redness or swelling. Nares patent.
  • Mouth: Oropharynx clear. No mouth lesions. Teeth present and intact; Oral mucous membranes and lips dry.

Neck/Lymph Nodes 

  • Neck supple without JVD.
  • No lymphadenopathy, masses or carotid bruits.


  • Bilateral breath sounds clear throughout lung fields. Breathing quality deep with fruity breath odor


  • S1 and S2 regular rate and rhythm; tachycardia; no rubs or murmurs.

Integumentary System 

  • Skin warm, dry; Nail beds pink without clubbing.


Test Patient’s Result Reference
Glucose (fasting) 132 60-120 mg/dL
BUN 20 7-24 mg/dL
Creatinine 0.8 0.7-1.4 mg/dL
Sodium 141 135-145 mEq/L
Potassium 3.7 3.5-5.0 mEq/L
Chloride 97 95-105 mEq/L
HCO3 24 22-28 mEq/L
A1C 7.2







Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) 220 mg/dL

J.T. is diagnosed with diabetes. Review all information provided in the case to answer the following questions.

Case Study Questions

Pathophysiology & Clinical Findings of the Disease

  1. Review the lab findings and decide if the diagnosis is Type 2 or Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
  2. Explain the pathophysiology associated with your chosen diagnosis
  3. Identify at least three subjective findings from the case which support the chosen diagnosis.
  4. Identify at least three objective findings from the case which support the chosen diagnosis.

Management of the Disease

*Utilize the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support your treatment recommendations.

  1. Identify two (2) “Evidence A” recommended medication classes for the treatment of this condition and provide an example (drug name) for each.
  2. Describe the mechanism of action for each of the medication classes identified above.
  3. Identify two (2) “Evidence A” recommended non-pharmacological treatment options for this patient.
  4. Utilizes the required Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) to support the chosen treatment recommendations


Pathophysiology & Clinical Findings of the Disease

  1. Based on the review of the history, physical, and lab findings what is the most likely diabetes diagnosis for this patient?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). This diagnosis is supported by the signs and the symptoms that the patients present with. These include an A1C of 7.2%, an Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) of 220 mg/dL, frequent urination more than 4 times per night increases thirst and increased fatigue (American Diabetes Association, 2020)……Click Icon below to purchase full tutorial at $10