Total Points Possible: 100 points
For Week 1 of the course there is no case study given to you by the Faculty. Instead you will be assigned two diseases to compare and contrast based on the first letter of your last name. This information will be posted in the Course Announcements under Week 1 Welcome as well as the “Assignment” portion of the Week 1 module and will change every session.
A comparison and contrast assignment’s focus is to identify and explore similarities and differences between two similar diseases. The goal of this exploration is to bring about a better understanding of both diseases.
Week 1 Part 1: Due Wednesday by 11:59PM MT MN
You will research the two areas of content assigned to you and compare and contrast them in a discussion post. NOTE: A comparison and contrast assignment is not about listing the info regarding each disease separately but rather looking at each disease side by side and discussing the similarities and differences given the categories below. Consider how each patient would actually present to the office. Paint a picture of how that patient would look, act, what story they would tell. Consider how their history would affect their diagnosis, etc. Evaluation of mastery is focused on the student’s ability to demonstrate specific understanding of how the diagnoses differ and relate to one another. Address the following topics below in your own words:
Compare and contrast the following diagnoses as assigned:
Student Last Name -Topic
(Find the corresponding first letter of your last name to find your topic assignment for this discussion)
A-E Benign Positional Vertigo and Meniere’s Disease
F-J – Dementia and Delirium
K-O- Trigeminal Neuralgia and Giant Cell Arteritis
P-T = Post Concussive Syndrome and Traumatic Brain Injury
U-Z = Migraine Headache and Tension Headache
Dementia and delirium (acute confusional state) are among the causes of cognitive impairment. In regards to demographics, both Dementia and delirium are common in older people. Delirium mostly occurs in critical care units after surgery or during withdrawal from the central nervous system depressants such as alcohol (Thom et al., 2019). Therefore, older adults that are hospitalized are at a greater risk for delirium. Therefore, any medically ill patient can develop delirium but patients with advanced age are at high risk. Similarly, dementia affects individuals who are 65 years or older.
The onset of the delirium symptom is rapid usually hours to days (Thom et al., 2019). This is because it is caused by acute illness or drug toxicity. Clinical presentation of delirium may include confusion; difficulty sustaining and shifting attention; extreme distractibility, disorganized thinking; rambling, irrelevant, pressured, and incoherent speech as well as impaired reasoning ability. On the other hand, the onset of dementia is slow and caused by anatomic changes that occur in the brain. Another difference is that delirium is reversible while dementia is not. Clinical presentation of dementia may include cognitive changes which may include confusion, disorientation to time, place, person, as well as impaired short-term memory. And Individuals may also present with Personality changes, and psychiatric symptoms (Alzheimer’s Association, n.d).……To access the solution click the icon below to purchase at $10