Write a paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to “Communicable Disease Chain,” “Chain of Infection,” and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.
Communicable Disease Selection
- Hepatitis B
Epidemiology Paper Requirements
- Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.
- Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.
- Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?
- Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.
- Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.
- Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.
A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.
Human beings continue to face unprecedented communicable diseases. Infectious diseases are transmitted easily from one individual to another and therefore have adverse effects on local, national, and global levels. When the disease is transmitted from one person to another, the virus or bacteria attack the immune system by releasing noxious chemicals on the body cells. It is imperative for health care providers to must know how various diseases infect the human body and manifest, respectively. Likewise, the nurse should know the possible outcomes of infectious disease if the chain of transmission is not stopped. The nurses serve as crucial reporters of infectious diseases since they are at the forefront of care, whether at the hospital environment or public health level. Given the already documented infectious diseases, the first preventive steps must begin with recognizing the signs and symptoms of such infections. Among the highlighted communicable diseases, Tuberculosis has been a global health concern, which is categorized as a leading killer disease among the undeserving communities. As such, it is not only plausible to study the aetiology of Tuberculosis but also to dig deeper into its implication to the globe, and the role of the public health nurses can address it. This paper will describe the pathophysiology, evolution, and transmission of TB. It will also demonstrate the epidemiology triad, the social determinants of healthcare, and the role of the nurses in addressing this disease.
Description and Pathophysiology of Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a type of communicable disease that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterial attacks the human lungs before it find its way to other major organs including the kidney, nervous system and so on. Tuberculosis is mainly spread through air. People contracts the disease when they breathe air droplets exhaled by an infected persons (Sulis, Roggi, Matteelli, and Raviglione, 2014).Moreover, people with complicated immune system are at higher risks of contracting tuberculosis. That said, HIV, diabetes and other chronic diseases are primary risk factors for tuberculosis. Usually, theinfected individuals become active reservoir or host of TB. Usually, the bacteria thrive well in a closed environment, including gatherings and crammed houses. Likewise, the humidity, levels of temperature, and aerations are key aspects that encourage the survival and transmission of the virus.
While most of the symptoms for Tuberculosis are obvious, some patients may not show the symptoms. TheCentre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicate that….……Click link below to purchase full tutorial at $10