M3.5 Module 3 Quiz:Which of the following are examples of active reading? Select all that apply.


Question 1


Which of the following are examples of active reading?  Select all that apply.


Highlighting main ideas.



Reading the document out loud to yourself.



Identifying what you think a document’s main point is before you read the document.



Asking questions about the content of a document as you read.



Question 2


Suppose you are reading an article on the causes of urban poverty, and you come upon a sentence using the phrase “market failure”, a term you don’t know the meaning of, what active reading action should you take?  Select all that apply.  


Consult a dictionary for the meaning of the word.



Ignore the word and continue reading.



Look for context clues to discern the meaning of the word.



Recite the sentence in your own words.



Question 3

7.69 / 7.69 pts

If you are about to begin reading an article entitled Homelessness is a Public Health Issue, what SQ3R strategies might you use before you read the article itself, to preview the text for possible hints about the topic and meaning of the article?  Select all that apply.


Surveying the title and publication for details about the subject of the article.



Highlighting key words in the body paragraphs of the article.



Summarize the first paragraph .



Looking briefly at the headings, pictures, charts, and graphs in the article.



Question 4

7.7 / 7.7 pts

Imagine that you are reading an article on homelessness. Using SQ3R strategies, assess what you can assume about the article based on the title, author and publication information below.  Select all that apply. 

Article Title: Homelessness is a Public Health Issue that Must be Solved

Authors:  James Williams, M.D., former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Margaret Court, M.D., Director of the Housing and Urban Development Program

Publication: American Health (journal)


The article takes the position that homelessness is a personal and individual choice.



The article argues that homelessness is an issue that concerns all people, whether or not they are themselves homeless.



The article argues that homelessness needs to be addressed.



The authors are not concerned with whether homelessness affects the general population.



Question 5

7.69 / 7.69 pts

Imagine you are reading an article on animal testing by the cosmetics industry. This is its first paragraph. Using SQ3R strategies, identify the main point or thesis that the writer establishes.


“Annually, more than 115 million animals are used worldwide in experimentation or to supply the biomedical industry. Nonhuman animal (hereafter “animal”) experimentation falls under two categories: basic (i.e., investigation of basic biology and human disease) and applied (i.e., drug research and development and toxicity and safety testing). Regardless of its categorization, animal experimentation is intended to inform human biology and health sciences and to promote the safety and efficacy of potential treatments. Despite its use of immense resources, the animal suffering involved, and its impact on human health, the question of animal experimentation’s efficacy has been subjected to little systematic scrutiny; however, this study concludes that animal experimentation, because it leads to unnecessary suffering and because alternatives do exist that are equally effective to current animal experimentation, should be banned.”


Animals should not be used for testing because doing so is cruel and unnecessary.



Both sides of the animal testing debate have valid arguments.



No action should be taken on animal testing until we have more research.



Animal testing is necessary because alternatives do not exist.



Question 6

7.69 / 7.69 pts

Imagine you are reading an article that focuses on the death penalty. The following is the first paragraph of that article. Use SQ3R strategies to review the paragraph and then identify which of the following statements is the main point of the article:

“Advocates for capital punishment consistently argue that capital punishment is a deterrent to future crimes. Evidence has long been presented that in the United States in particular, crime rates go down in states with the death penalty, because potential criminals recognize that if they commit a crime, they will be punished. Recent evidence, however, proves that capital punishment is actually not as effective as it has historically been argued. In fact, capital punishment is ineffective as a deterrent, tends to be racially biased, as well as being extremely lengthy and expensive. Therefore, an amendment to the U.S. Constitution should be ratified banning the use of capital punishment.”


Capital punishment should be banned because it is ethically and morally wrong.



Capital punishment is ineffective and unfair and so should be outlawed.



Capital punishment deters crime and should be supported.



Capital punishment advocates argue that it is effective, while those who disagree say it is costly and biased.



Question 7

7.7 / 7.7 pts

Match each of the following arguments with the logical fallacy that it contains.

“Last month, we hired 5 new employees. At the same time, profits decreased by 10 percent. Therefore, it is in our best interest to terminate these 5 new employees, as clearly they have not increased company productivity”


False Cause

“A majority of police officers think body cameras are ineffective, so they should not be required”


Band Wagon

“My political opponent’s plan may sound attractive, but don’t forget that he’s a liar and can’t be trusted.”


Ad Hominem

“I don’t support raising the speed limit on Interstate highways from 55 MPH to 65 MPH on the interstate highway near our city.  If we do this, then in a few more years, we’ll raise it to 75 MPH and then 85 MPH.  That’s just too fast.”


Slippery Slope

“Congress should support Representative Smith’s new tax plan.  Not a single study has come out showing that it won’t work.”


Shirting the Burden of Proof

“Congresswoman Jones’ plan to raise the capital gains tax by 5% shows that she just wants to tax investors until they have no money left.”


Straw Man


Question 8

7.69 / 7.69 pts

Which of the following elements should you look for to avoid being misled when interpreting a chart or graph?  Select all that apply. 


The vertical scale of a line graph.



Whether a bar graph is oriented vertically or horizontally.



Whether a pie chart is two-dimensional or three-dimensional.



Whether there are seasonal variations in a line graph showing change over time.



Question 9

7.69 / 7.69 pts

What type of graph is most appropriate for visualizing the following information? Popularity level of a sports team over a two-year period.


Three-Dimensional Pie Chart



Bar Graph



Two-Dimension Pie Chart



Line Graph



Question 10

7.69 / 7.69 pts

In a bar graph, the height of the bars represents what?


The number of individuals in that category.



The difference between the number of individuals in the category and the baseline.



The proportion of individuals in the entire analysis.



The minimum number of individuals that could be in that category.



Question 11

7.69 / 7.69 pts

Referring to the bar graph below, which of the following statements are true?  Select all that apply.


All seven cities in the bar graph have an average annual high temperature less than 80.



The average annual high temperature in Atlanta is less than the average annual high temperature in Washington, D.C.



Boston and Chicago appear to have the same average annual high temperature.



Dallas has the highest average annual high temperature.



Question 12

7.69 / 7.69 pts

Which of the following are best practices for taking notes on a source? Select all that apply. 



You should clearly identify the source that each part of your notes was drawn from.



Anything that is not a direct quote should be written fully in your own words.



Your notes should focus on the most important and relevant ideas in the source.



You should directly quote your source as often as possible.



Question 13

7.69 / 7.69 pts

Which of the following are good strategies for identifying misinformation? Select all that apply.


Identifying the source of the information.



Examining the information for bias.



Assuming that everything you read on social media is false.



Looking up the information on a fact checking website.